EMS is short for Easy Mind System and is often used in cats and dogs to very briefly point out the race, color and pattern of an animal so it doesn’t take up too much space on a pedigree. With this system, you can even make up genetic codes and calculate colors and patterns in offspring when mating two animals. It takes a while to get used to the codes, but once you have them in your head, they are incredibly easy to work with. Especially if everyone uses the same system.First of all, you note down the species code for the animal, so we know what kind of hedgehog we’re looking at. For an African Pygmy Hedgehog the code is APH. If the hedgehog for example is a Chocolate colored hedgehog, it becomes an APH f. When the hedgehog happens to have a splitface, we consider it a Masked Pinto and it becomes an APH f 04. Does the hedgehog have a cheek patch and belly mottling? Then it’s an Umbrous too (previously Algerian) and the full code is APH f 04 21. The animal could also be a Snowflake, adding another code and it’s eventual EMS code will be APH f 04 11 21. This way you make an incredibly long color name (Algerian Chocolate Splitface Pinto snowflake) a very short code, in which everything still is listed.
Odd ears and odd eyes are not listed as EMS code, because it’s not perse hereditary and goes around randomly within a bloodline. Those are often visible on photo’s though, so make sure to add photo’s to your registered hedgehogs!
Every hedgehog has a base color underneath the pattern, unless it’s a full reversed pinto. Make sure you list that color underneath in the pedigrees, otherwise making color calculations can become very difficult.